Friday, January 31, 2020
Accolade vs Sega Essay Accolade would definitely be wrong in every aspect of this story. AccoladeÃ¢â¬â¢s lawyerÃ¢â¬â¢s argument that SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s security codes were an interface standard is also wrong in a lockean based economy. This is because interface standards are publicly owned by everybody and can be duplicated without permission. Nothing is publicly owned in a Locke based perspective. The utilitarian view would also favor SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s software code as being private property, but for different reasons. This view suggests if Sega didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have property rights to its genesis and affiliated profitability, then Sega would lose incentive to create new ideas beneficial to the marketplace. This theory of utility also suggests Accolade and Sega should both have taken a different approach to how they did business, or lack of business, with each other. Sega should have granted accessibility to its gaming console for a small fee. This would have made Sega and Accolade more profitable to society because AccoladeÃ¢â¬â¢s games would benefit SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s industry. The Marxist theory would take AccoladeÃ¢â¬â¢s side to this story. This theory would suggest the software that Accolade decoded belongs to the general public for their benefit to make a profit. Sega owns only the game console and not the software that is used to run it. AccoladeÃ¢â¬â¢s lawyerÃ¢â¬â¢s argument that the software is an interface standard would stand lawful. I personally agree with the utility theory most because if there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t any incentive for new ideas and technology, then there wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be any. People and companies put a lot of effort and resources into new ideas. A person would not put any time and effort into a good idea, especially if they cannot make any money from it. He or she could not make any money off of their idea because people would just steal their idea and profit from it themselves. If there were no copyrights or patents protecting ideas, we could all be living in an unindustrialized world. I believe LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of private property is most appropriate for this case besides the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals final decision that agreed with Accolade. Sega was using the lockean approach to private property with its security software. Accolade duplicated their software code without permission and infringed on SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s copyright. The story, in the end, basically agreed to SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s argument. 2. I believe Accolade Stole SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s property because American law has held to the theory that individuals have a right to do what they want with their property, and government has no right to interfere with an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s private property even for the good of society. Accolade wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve benefited from using SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s product, but the law states it is SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s property, and they can do what they please with certain legal constraints. Sega did not grant Accolade a license to market games on their property. If Sega did grant them a license, then it would not be stealing. If I did not grant a person permission to use my car for their benefit and they drove off with it, I would call the police because someone stole my car. 3. I believe Accolade went too far in trying to reverse engineer SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s source code because Accolade already knew Sega didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want them marketing games on their new gaming console. If Sega wanted Accolade games on their console platform, wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t Sega license them to do so? Sega specifically made that security code so game companies like Accolade would not benefit from SegaÃ¢â¬â¢s property. Sega wanted to be the sole maker of games for their console and they had the right to do that with their copyrighted property. With that said, I believe Accolade reverse engineered the software knowing it was morally wrong. I do not believe a company has the right to reverse engineer any product it wants. Taking an all ready thought of idea and creating a new product is different than copying another product verbatim. Reverse engineering affects the theory of utility. The incentive to come up with new ideas would be lost because there would be no reward for it. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s say Microsoft had the ability to create a new operating system and knew it could be reverse engineered the day they released it to the public. Would Microsoft put forth the effort, time, and resources to make this new product? I know I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t because MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s competitors could produce the same product with less overhead. This would be giving MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s competitors an advantage because they could sell the same product for less money. This would potentially put Microsoft out of business. Economies inevitably couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t evolve to serve societies better. Works Cited Velasquez, Manuel G. Business Ethics: Concepts and Cases. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2012. Print.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Charles Dickens' The Signalman Introduction I have studied pre-1900 short stories by different authors, which all follow a similar format and historical content of their time. In my essay I will discuss and describe what necessary ingredients are needed to make these murder mystery short stories effective and successful. Short stories became an extremely favoured form of fiction and entertainment during the nineteenth century... In the days before electrical advantages for entertainment, (e.g:-radio, television, films and videos) adventure was generally only discovered/only existed within the imagination of mystery and supernatural stories, and were especially popular in the Victorian age, where people would escape into the mystifying worlds the words described in the stories. (Perhaps these authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ fulfilled the need for excitement in this relatively oppressed society...). It was during this era that many writers began to capture readersÃ¢â¬â¢ curiosity about death, vengeance, trickery, imprisonment, hanging, ghosts and fear... A first impression may affect/ determine the way the words will communicate with its reader throughout a story. So I feel it important that the begining of a mystery story must be (engaging, compelling, intriguing, appealing, capture the imagination/ attentions of the audience) immediately for it to be successful. Mystery= arcane, baffling, curious, enigmatic, incomprehesible, inexplicable, insoluable, magical, miraculous, mystifying, obscure, perplexing, puzzling, secret, strange, uncanny, unexplained, unfathomable, unknown, wierd, bizarre, puzzle, problem, riddle, abnormal, supernatural. Murderous= barbaric, bloodthirsty, brutal, cruel, dangerous, deadly, ferocious, fierce, homocidal, pitiless, ruthless, savage, vicious, violent, assassin. The overall effect of the above ingredients, if successfully combined, will ensure the reader is first drawn in, by capturing their imagination, and they are then compelled to keep reading until the end. Beginings In the begining of our first story The Adventure of the Engineers Thumb by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1892) (who is the creator of the famous characters Sherlock Holmes and Dr. WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s detective adventures) He tells this strange, dramatic story, which he believes, had been told more than once in the newspapers - to stress how significant this mysterious account was. The following quotation is the paragraph introducing the story:- Ã¢â¬ËOne morning, at a little before seven oÃ¢â¬â¢clock, I was awakened by the maid tapping at the door, to announce that two men had come from Paddington, and were waiting in the consulting room. I dressed hurriedly, for I knew by experience that railway cases were seldom trivial, and hastened downstairs. As I descended, my old ally, the guard, came out of the room, and closed the door tightly behind him. Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ve got him here,Ã¢â¬â¢ he whispered, jerking his thumbs over his shoulder, Ã¢â¬ËHeÃ¢â¬â¢s all right.Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËWhat is it then?Ã¢â¬â¢ I asked, for his manner suggested that it was some strange creature which he had caged up in
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Alcohol is the most abused drug in most countries. The consumption of alcohol is more intense than any other drug due to its availability, and the laws governing its consumption which does not prohibit its consumption unlike other drugs, for example, hard narcotic drugs such as Marijuana.Although the law of different countries restrict the drinking age, which is 18 years and 21 years in some states, there is increased consumption of alcohol among the young people below the recommended age.The effects of alcohol are numerous and vary with the amount of alcohol consumed as well as the personal characteristics such as body weight, nutrition status, age, period of consumption and gender among others. This paper aims at analyzing the various effects in a human body attributing from alcohol consumption.Alcohol leads to deposition of fatty plaques in the inner walls of the arteries hence they become narrowed, as a result blood supply becomes insufficient. The insufficiency of blood in the b rain leads to stroke while into the heart leads to heart attack.However, evidence in recent research has shown that alcohol may lower heart diseasesÃ¢â¬â¢ risks. According to the research, the consumption of one to two standard drinks of alcohol per day in middle aged and above (35 years and over), offers some protection against heart disease. (Glen et al, 2005)BrainAlcohol causes damage to the brain cells which leads to memory loss; an individual becomes confused and suffers hallucinations. Alcohol is regarded as a downer due to its direct effects on the brain cells. The damage can be fatal or lead to insanity if alcohol is taken in large amounts or taken along with other hard drugs such as narcotics over a long period of time.Alcohol cuts the supply of oxygen to the brain, a situation which kills thousands of brain cells each time a person takes alcohol. This may lead to hyper alertness to normal situations such as perceiving sound to be louder than normal or light too bright th an in the real situation (that is augmentation).The drinker may develop alcohol influenced behavior (learned behavior syndrome) whichÃ stops after the person quits drinking and it can only be re-learntThe central nervous system (CNS)The brain, spinal cord and nerves originating from it form the Central nervous system. The transmission of sensory impulses and motor impulses pass from the CNS. Alcohol affects the CNS leading to intoxication hence affecting emotional and sensory function, memory, judgment as well as decreased learning capabilities.The smell and tenses are impaired and the ability to withstand pain increases with increase in Blood Alcohol Level (BAL). The long term effects of consumption of alcohol on the CNS causes tolerance, dependency and brain irreversible damages. The functioning of the nervous system deteriorates in every drinking episode that leads to intellectual dysfunction; disturbances in the sensory and motor control follow. (Haven and Gerald, 1996 pp. 19 8-256)BloodAlcohol causes blood sludging, a situation whereby the red blood cells bunch together causing the small blood vessels to block up, starve the tissues of oxygen causing the death of cells. In the brain this death of cells is more severe and often goes unnoticed. Due to increased pressure, the capillaries break, leading to red eyes in the morning, or the red, blotchy skin which appears on the face of a heavy drinker.Hemorrhage or death may occur when Blood vessels break in the stomach and esophagus. Alcohol effects on the blood can also cause: anemia, sedation of the bone marrow (this reduces the white and red blood count, and weaken the bone structure lowering the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s resistance to infection. (Raymond et al. 1996 pp. 43-213)
Monday, January 6, 2020
Social Media: Evolution or A Step Back In a century where we are living in the future, it can be easy to leave things in the past. Techniques of communication have been altered and now technology presents ways to talk to people around the world. People have access to unlimited resources and everyday society is advancing; or is it? Face-to-face communication is the foundation of our societies and what has brought people together since the beginning of time. Something that has been so crucial in the past is now taking the backseat as a new world emerges; a world of texting where we rely on electronics to communicate with one another. As technology has advanced, face to face communication has declined and it is having consequences on ourÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Because of these and other reasons, it causes 74% of all internet users to engage in some type of social media. Of the 74%, 84% of social media users are between the ages of eighteen and twenty nine (Ã¢â¬Å"Social Media User DemographicsÃ¢â¬ 1). Obviously app ealing to the young adult crowd, social media can be seen as a fun outlet after a long day; however, overusing the internet is subsequently hurting the same crowd that uses it. The ability to hold conversations and create friendships is dwindling, especially in the new generation. Bullying now has a new image as people are hiding behind a screen while terrorizing other people. Also productivity in the workplace has been slowly decreasing as a result of social media and the laziness it brings with it. All of these, whether they are advantageous or not, complicate the perception of social media and raise the question; are we evolving or taking a step back? With the flash of social media, it makes face to face communication seem dull in comparison. On the contrary, as we move into the future it is having affects on our verbal and conversation skills. Scientific evidence along with general consensus shows that that level of conversation is declining as electronics play an increasing ro le in our lives. Experiments have proven that the overuse of technology can change neural pathways in our brains creating new ones(Face Time vs. Screen Time: The Technological Impact on